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入籍考试100题听力训练


美国入籍指南见《美国绿卡申请公民归化入籍全攻略》,以下以加州居民为例的,关于听力100题,如果有错误,请指出。

政府的入籍官网:https://www.uscis.gov/
视频里面的文字将载于下面。体验不同人讲英语的口音,让您轻松听懂不同移民考官的测试。本视频引用两位不同国度的女生读取新版100道的全部内容,让您受益匪浅!为了更加方便您的复习,下面是视频里面的文字内容:
《入籍考试100题听力训练》
     体验不同口音英语
     以适应不同考官的问话:
1. What is the supreme law of the land?
    美国的最高法律是什么?
答: The Constitution 宪法
2. What does the Constitution do?
    宪法的作用是什么?
答: Sets up the government
      建立政府体制
(也可以回答:Defines the government  定义政府或者回答:或者回答:Protects  basic rights of Americans 保护美国人的基本权利)
3.The idea of self-government is in the first three words of the Constitution. What are these words?
宪法的前三个字说明自治的概念, 这三个字是什么?
回答: We the People 我们人民
4. What is an amendment? 
    什么是修正案?
回答:A change (to the Constitution)宪法的更正
也可答:An addition (to the Constitution) (宪法的)补充
5. What do we call the first ten amendments to the  constitution?
宪法的前十项修正案称为什么?
答: The Bill of Rights 权利法案
6:What is one right or freedom from the First Amendment?
   列举宪法第一条修正案中的一项权利或自由
答:Speech 言论自由 {也可答:Religion 宗教自由; Assembly 集会结社的自由;Press 出版自由; Petition the government  向政府请愿的自由}
7. How many amendments does the Constitution have?
   宪法有几条修正案?
答:Twenty-seven (27) 二十七条
8. What did the Declaration of Independence do?《独立宣言》的作用是什么?
答:Declared our independence (from Great Britain) 宣告美国 (脱离英国而)而独立 
也可答: Announced our independence (from Great Britain)
宣布美国(脱离英国而)独立;
Said that the United States is free (from Great Britain)
表示美国(脱离英国而)独立
9. What are two rights in the Declaration of Independence?
列举《独立宣言》中的两项权利?
答: Life  生命(的权利)
答: Liberty 自由(的权利)
也可答:Pursuit of happiness追求幸福(的权利)
10.What is freedom of religion?
     什么是宗教自由?
答:You can practice any religion or not.
      你可以信仰任何宗教, 也可以不信仰任何宗教
11. What is the economic system in the United States?
      美国的经济制度是什么?
答: Market economy  市场经济(也可答:Capitalist economy 资本主义经济)
12. What is the"rule of law"?
      "法治"是什么?
答: Government must obey the law.
      政府必须遵守法律(也可答:Everyone must follow the law 人人都应遵守法律;
Leaders must obey the law 领导人必须遵守法律;
No one is above the law没有任何人在法律之上。)
13.Name one branch or part of the government. 列举政府体制的一个分支或部门
答: Congress 国会
也可答: Legislative 立法部门; President 总统; Executive 行政部门; The courts 法院;Judicial 司法部门。
14. What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful?
    什么防止一个政府分支变得过于强大?
答:Checks and balances 制衡 也可答: Separation of powers 权力分立
15. Who is in charge of the executive branch?
       谁负责行政部门?
答:The President 总统
16. Who makes federal laws?
      谁制定联邦法律?
答:Congress 国会
也可答:Senate and House (of Representatives)
参议院和众议院
或答: (U.S. or national) legislature (美国或国家)立法部门
17. What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?
      美国国会由哪两个部分组成?
答: The Senate and House (of Representatives) 
      参议院与众议院
18. How many U.S. Senators are there?
      美国参议员有几位?
答:One hundred (100) 一百(100) 位
19. We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?
      我们选出的美国参议员任职多少年?
答: Six (6) 六年
20. Who is one of your state's U.S. Senators?
       您所在州的现任一位美国参议员的名字是什么?
答:纽约州是 查理斯.库默 Charles Cuomo 
21.The House of Representatives has how many voting members?
     众议院中有投票权的众议员有几位?
答:Four hundred thirty-five (435) 四百三十五(435) 位
22.We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years?
      我们选出的美国众议员任职多少年?
答: Two (2) 两年
23. Name your U.S. Representative.
      列举您所在选区的美国众议员的名字?
答:每个区不同,请根据不同查找。
[Residents of territories with nonvoting Delegates or Resldent Commissioners may provide the name of that Delegate or CommIssIoner. Also acceptable is any statement that the territory has no (voting) Representatives in Congress.]
         住在没有投票权的美国领地的当地代表或专员之应试者,可以说明当地代表或专员的姓名,说明自己选区没有国会(投票)代表,也是可以接受的答案。
24. Who does a U.S. Senator represent?
      美国参议员代表何人?
答:All people of the state
     其所在州的所有人民。
25.Why do some states have more Representatives than other states?
      为什么有些州的众议员人数比其他州多?
答:(because) some states have more people
    (由于)该州的人口比其他州多
也可答:(because of) the state's population(由于)该州的人口;
(because)they have more people(由于)该州有更多人口。
26. We elect a President for how many years?
      我们选出的总统任职多少年?
答: Four (4) 四 年
27. In what month do we vote for President?
      我们在哪一个月份选总统?
答:November  十一月
28.What is the name of the President of the United States now?
      现任美国总统的名字是什么?
答: Donald Trump 
29. What is the name of the  Vice President of the United States now?
          现任美国副总统的名字是什么?
答: Mike Pence 麦克.彭斯
30. If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?
      如果总统不能视事,则由谁成为总统?
答:the Vice President 副总统
31.If both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes President?
如果总统和副总统都不能视事,则由谁成为总统?
答: the Speaker of the House 众议院议长
32. Who is the Commander
in Chief of the Military?
谁是三军统帅?
答: the President 总统
33.Who signs bills to become laws?
谁签署法案使之成为法律?
答:the President 总统
34. Who vetoes bills?
谁否决法案?
答: the President 总统
35. What does the President's Cabinet do?
总统的内阁做什么事?
答: advises the President
向总统提出建议
36.What are two Cabinet-level positions?
两个内阁级别的职位是什么?
答:Secretary of Labor 劳工部长
答:Vice President 副总统
除了上面两个部分,以下这些部门的答案也是对的:
Secretary of Agriculture农业部长; Secretary of Commerce 商务部长
Secretary of Defense国防部长; Secretary of Education 教育部长;
Secretary of Energy 能源部长; Secretary of Health and Human
健康与人类服务部长; Secretary of Homeland Security 国土安全部长;
Secretary of Housing and Urban 住宅与都市发展部长; Secretary of
Interior 内政部长; Secretary of State 国务卿; Secretary of Transp-
ortation交通部长; Secretary of Treasury 财政部长; Secretary of Ve-
terans Affairs 退伍军人事务部长; Attorney General 司法部长。
37.What does the judicial branch do?
司法部门做什么?
答:Reviews laws 审查法律
也可答:Explains laws 解释法律; Resolves disputes
(disagreements)解决争论(意见不一致);
Decides if a law goes against the Constitution
决定某一法律是否抵触宪法。
38. What is the highest court in the United States?
美国最高法院是什么?
答: The Supreme Court 联邦最高法院
39. How many justices are on the Supreme Court?
最高法院有几位大法官?
答: Nine (9)  九 位
40. Who is the Chief Justice of the United States?
美国首席大法官是谁?
答: John Roberts
约翰‧罗伯兹
41.Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. What is one power of the federal government?
根据我国宪法,有些权力属于联邦政府,联邦政府的一项权力是什么?
答: to print money 印制钞票
也可答:to declare war 宣战; to create an army 创立军队; to make treaties 签订条约。
42. Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the states. What is one power of the states?
根据我国宪法,有些权力属于州政府。州政府的一项权力是什么?
答:Give a driver's license 核发驾驶执照
也可答:Provide schooling and education 提供学校及教育;
provide protection (police) 提供保护(警察);
Provide safety (fire departments) 提供安全(消防局);
Approve zoning and land use 批准区划与土地使用。
43.Who is the Governor of your state?
您居住州的现任州长是谁?
答: 加州州长是 Gavin Newsom
44. What is the capital of your state?
你所在州的首府在哪里?
答:加州首府在  Sacramento 塞科蒙托
44. What is the capital of your state?
你所在州的首府在哪里?
答:Answers will vary.[District of Columbia residents
should answer that D.C. is not a state and does not
have a capital. Residents of U.S. territories should
name the capital of the territory.]
不同州不同答案。
45. What are the two major political parties in the United States?
美国当今两大政党为何?
答: Democratic and Republican
民主党和共和党
46. What is the political party of the President now?
现任总统属于哪个政党?
答: Republican (Party)共和党
47. Speaker of the House of Representatives now?
众议院的议长是谁?
答:Nancy Pelosi 南希·佩洛西
48. There are four amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describe one of them.
宪法中有四个关于谁可以投票的修正案。试举一个。
答:Citizens eighteen (18) and older
(can vote). 18 岁以上的公民(可以投票)
49.What is one responsibility that is only for United States citizens?
列举一项美国公民才有的责任?
答:Vote 在联邦选举中投票
也可答 Serve on a jury 当陪审员
50. Name one right only for United States citizens.
列举一项美国公民才享有的权利
答: Vote in a federal election
在联邦选举中投票的权利
也可答:Run for federal office竞选公职的权利
51.What are two rights of everyone living in the United States?
每一个住在美国的人享有的两项权利是什么?
答:Freedom of expression 表达自由;
Freedom of speech言论自由
52.What do we show loyalty to when we say the Pledge of Allegiance?
当我们宣誓效忠时,是向什么表达忠诚?
答: the United States 美利坚合众国
(也可答:The flag 国旗)
53.What is one promise you make when
you become a United States citizen?
当您成为美国公民时做出的一项承诺是什么?
以下几项答案都可以:
- Give up loyalty to other countries 放弃效忠其他国家
- Defend the Constitution and laws of the
- United States 护卫美国的宪法及法律
- Obey the laws of the United States 遵守美国的法律
- Serve in the U.S. military (if needed) (必要时)加入美国军队
- Serve (do important work for) the nation (if needed)(必要时)为国效劳(为国做重要工作)
- Be loyal to the United States 效忠美国
54. How old do citizens have to be to vote for President?
美国公民必须几岁才能投票选举总统?
答:Eighteen (18) and older 十八 岁以上
55.What are two ways that Americans
can participate in their democracy?
美国人参与民主政治的两种方法是什么?
(注: 回答下列任何两项即可)
答:- Vote 投票
- Join a political party 加入政党
还可以回答:
- Help with a campaign 协助竞选活动
- Join a civic group 加入公民团体
- Join a community group 加入小区团体
- Give an elected official your opinion on
an issue 向民选官员提供自己对某项议题的意见。
还可以回答:
- Call Senators and Representatives
打电话给参议员和众议员
- Publicly support or oppose an issue or policy 公开支持或反对某个议题或政策
- Run for office 竞选公职
- Write to a newspaper 向报社投函
56. When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms?
寄送联邦所得税表的截止日期是哪一天?
答: April 15 (每年的)4月15日
57. When must all men register for the Selective Service?
所有男性到了哪个年龄必须注册「兵役登记」?
也可以答:
- At age eighteen 年满十八岁时
- Between eighteen and twenty-six
18 岁-26岁之间
58.What is one reason colonists came to America?
殖民者当初到美国的一项理由是什么?
也可以回答:
- Freedom 自由
- Political liberty 政治自由
- Religious freedom 宗教自由
- Economic opportunity 经济机会
- Practice their religion 从事宗教活动
- Escape persecution 逃避迫害
59.Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived?
欧洲人抵达美国之前,谁已经居住在美国?
答: American Indians  美国印第安人
或答 Native Americans 美国原住民
60. What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves?
哪一群人被带到美国并被贩卖为奴?
答: Africans 非洲人
或答 People from Africa 来自非洲的人
61. Why did the colonists fight the British? 殖民者为何与英国作战?
答:Because of high taxes (taxation
without representation)
因为高额捐税(只缴税,没有代表权)
答案也可如下:
- Because the British army stayed in
their houses (boarding, quartering)
因为英国军队住在他们的住宅内(寄宿、宿营)
- Because they didn't have
selfgovernment 因为他们没有自治权
62.Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?《独立宣言》是谁写的?
答:(Thomas) Jefferson
(托马斯)杰斐逊(第三任总统)
63. When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?
《独立宣言》是何时通过采用的?
答:  July 4, 1776
1776 年7 月4 日
64. There were 13 original states.
Name three. 美国原先有13 个州。请列举其中三个州。
答:New Hampshire 新罕布什尔
答:Massachusetts 麻萨诸塞
答:Rhode Island 罗得岛
答:Connecticut 康涅狄格
答:New York 纽约
答:New Jersey 纽泽西
答:Pennsylvania 宾夕法尼亚
答:Delaware 特拉华
答:Maryland 马里兰
答:Virginia 弗吉尼亚
答:North Carolina 北卡罗莱纳
答:South Carolina 南卡罗莱纳
答:Georgia 乔治亚
65.What happened at the Constitutional
Convention? 制宪会议达成了什么事?
答: The Constitution was written拟定宪法
也可答: The Founding Fathers wrote the
Constitution. 开国诸贤拟定了宪法
66.When was the Constitution written?
宪法是何时拟定的?
答:1787 年
67:The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the U.S. Constitution. Name one of the writers.
《联邦论》支持美国宪法的通过, 请列举一名《联邦论》的作者?
答: (John) Jay(约翰)杰伊(第一任首席大法官)
68.What is one thing Benjamin Franklin is
famous for?班哲明‧富兰克林著称的一项事迹是什么?
答:U.S. diplomat 美国外交官
也可答:Oldest member of the Constitutional Convention
制宪会议年纪最长的成员
First Postmaster General of the United States
美国第一任邮政总局局长
Writer of "Poor Richard's Almanac"
《穷人理查德年鉴》的作者
Started the first free libraries
开办第一个免费图书馆
69. Who is the "Father of Our Country"?
谁是「美国国父」?
答:(George) Washington (乔治)华盛顿
70. Who was the first President?
谁是第一任总统?
答:(George) Washington
(乔治)华盛顿(任职两届)
71. What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803?
美国在1803 年向法国购买哪块领地?
答: the Louisiana Territory 路易斯安那领地
Louisiana 路易斯安那
72. Name one war fought by the United States in the 1800s.
列举一场美国在1800年代参与的战争。
答:War of 1812     1812 年战争
答:Mexican-American War  美墨战争
答:Civil War 内战
答:Spanish-American War 美国与西班牙战争
73. Name the U.S. war between the North and the South.
请说出美国南方与北方之间战争的名称?
答:The Civil War 内战
答:The War between the States 州际战争
74. Name one problem that led to the CivilWar.
列举一项导致内战的问题
答:Slavery 奴隶制度
答:Economic reasons 经济原因
答:States' rights 各州的权力问题
75. What was one important thing that Abraham
Lincoln did? 亚伯拉罕‧林肯的一项重要事迹是什么?
答:Freed the slaves (Emancipation Proclamation)
解放奴隶(解放宣言)
答:Saved (or preserved) the Union 拯救(保留)联盟
答:Led the United States during the Civil War
在内战期间引领美国
76. What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?
《解放宣言》达成了什么?
答:Freed the slaves 解放了奴隶
答:Freed slaves in the Confederacy
解放了联邦制下的奴隶
答:Freed slaves in the Confederate state
解放了联邦各州的奴隶
答:Freed slaves in most Southern states
解放了南方大部分州的奴隶
77. What did Susan B. Anthony do?
苏珊B. 安东尼的事迹是什么?
答:Fought for women's rights 为女权奋斗
答:Fought for civil rights 为民权奋斗
78. Name one war fought by the United
States in the 1900s.
列举一场美国在1900年代参与的战争?
答:World War I第一次世界大战
答:World War II 第二次世界大战
答:Korean War 朝鲜战争
答:Vietnam War 越战
答:(Persian) Gulf War (波斯湾)海湾战争
79. Who was President during World War I?
第一次世界大战期间的美国总统是谁?
答:(Woodrow) Wilson   (伍德罗)威尔逊
Great Depression and World War II?
美国经济大萧条和第二次世界大战期间的总统是谁?
答:(Franklin) Roosevelt  弗兰克林)
罗斯福(1933至1945连任四届)
81. Who did the United States fight in World War II?
美国在第二次世界大战与哪些国家作战?
答:Japan, Germany and Italy
日本、德国、意大利
82.Before he was President, Eisenhower was
a general. What war was he in?
艾森豪威尔在当总统以前是将军。他曾参加哪一场战争?
答:World War II 第二次世界大战
83. During the Cold War, what was the main concern of the United States?
在冷战期间,美国的主要顾虑是什么?
答:Communism 共产主义
84. What movement tried to end racial discrimination?
哪项运动试图结束种族歧视?
答: civil rights (movement) 民权(运动)
85. What did Martin Luther King, Jr. do?
小马丁‧路德‧金的事迹是什么?
答:Fought for civil rights 为民权奋斗
答:Worked for equality for all Americans
为所有美国人争取平等
86.What major event happened on September 11, 2001 in the
United States?
美国在2001年9 月11日发生了什么重大事件?
答: Terrorists attacked the United States.
恐怖份子攻击美国
87.Name one American Indian tribe in the United States. 列举一个
美国印地安人部族。[Adjudicators will be supplied with a complete
list.]USCIS 主考官将有联邦承认的美国印地安人部族清单)
Cherokee 切洛基(散居于奥克拉荷马与北卡罗来纳州一带,大族裔);
Navajo  纳瓦荷(散居于亚利桑那州,新墨西哥州及犹他州一带,大族裔);
Sioux苏 ; Chippewa 齐普瓦; Choctaw乔克陶; Pueblo 布耶布洛;
Apache阿帕契;Iroquois 伊洛奎斯; Creek 库瑞克; Blackfeet布雷克非特;
Seminole 赛米诺利; Cheyenne 夏安; Arawak 阿拉瓦克; Shawnee萧尼;
Mohegan 莫希根; Huron 休伦; Oneida 欧尼达;  Lakota 拉科塔;
Crow 克洛; Teton 泰顿; Hopi 贺皮; Inuit 伊努特。
88. Name one of the two longest rivers in the United States.
列举美国最长的两条河中的一条?
答:Missouri (River) 米苏里(河)
答:Mississippi (River) 密西西比(河)
89. What ocean is on the West Coast of the United States?
美国西岸濒临什么海洋?
答:Pacific (Ocean) 太平洋
90. What ocean is on the East Coast of the United States?
美国东岸濒临什么海洋?
答:Atlantic (Ocean) 大西洋
91. 91. Name one U.S. territory.
列举一个美国领地?
答: Puerto Rico 波多黎各
答:U.S. Virgin Islands 美属维京群岛
答:American Samoa 美属萨摩亚
答:Northern Mariana Islands 北马里亚纳群岛
答:Guam关岛
92. Name one state that borders Canada.
列举一个与加拿大毗连的州?
答:Maine 缅因州;New Hampshire 新罕布什尔州
Vermont 佛蒙特州;New York 纽约州
Pennsylvania 宾夕法尼亚州;Ohio 俄亥俄州
Michigan 密执安州;Minnesota 明尼苏达州;
North Dakota 北达科塔州;Montana 蒙大拿州;
Idaho 爱达荷州;Washington 华盛顿州;
Alaska 阿拉斯加州。
93. Name one state that borders Mexico.
列举一个与墨西哥毗连的州?
答:California 加利福尼亚州
答:Arizona 亚利桑那州
答:New Mexico 新墨西哥州
答:Texas 得克萨斯州
94. What is the capital of the United States?
美国的首都在哪里?
答:Washington, D.C.  华盛顿哥伦比亚特区
95. Where is the Statue of Liberty?
自由女神像在哪里?
答:New York (Harbor) 纽约(港)
答:Liberty Island 自由岛
[Also acceptable are New Jersey,
near New York City, and on the Hudson (River).]
(回答: 新泽西, 纽约市附近, 或在哈德逊河均属正确答案)
96. Why does the flag have 13 stripes?
国旗上为何有十三个横条?
答:Because there were 13 original colonies
因为最早有十三个(英国)殖民地
答:Because the stripes represent the original
colonies 因为横条代表最早的殖民地
97. Why does the flag have 50 stars?
国旗上为何有五十颗星?
答:Because there is one star for each state
因为每州有一颗星
答:Because each star represents a state
因为每颗星代表一个州
答:Because there are 50 states
因为有五十个州
98. What is the name of the national anthem?
国歌的歌名为何?
答:The Star-Spangled Banner
星光灿烂的旗帜
99. When do we celebrate Independence Day?
我们庆祝独立纪念日是在哪一天?
答:July 4    七月四日(1776年)
100. Name two national U.S. holidays.
试述两个美国国定假日?(注意:必须回答2 个答案)
答:New Year's Day 新年(元旦)
答:Martin Luther King, Jr., Day 小马丁路德金纪念日
答:Presidents' Day 总统日
答:Memorial Day 追悼日(美国阵亡将士纪念日)
答:Independence Day 独立纪念日
答:Labor Day 劳工节; Columbus Day 哥伦布日
答:Veterans Day退伍军人节; Thanksgiving 感恩节;
Christmas (耶稣)圣诞节
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